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sisal fibre properties

//sisal fibre properties

sisal fibre properties

decompose. Sisal, with the botanical name Agave sisalana, is a course and strong fibre which is extracted from the leaves of plant belonging to the agave family. The effect of Jute/Sisal fiber hybrid epoxy composite is presented in the tensile strength of hybrid composite at 0:35 wt% Jute and Sisal fiber were 17.99 N/mm 2. Sisal fiber, modified soy protein resins, and composites were characterized for their mechanical and thermal properties. In natural fibers, the flaws Sisal has good affinity for direct, reactive and acid dye stuffs, which provide attractive shades of good light fastness. Some attempts have to take to improve economic viability which are focussed on utilizing the waste material. Sisal represents 2 % of the world's population of plant fibers. It’s a cactus Agavaceae (Agave) family’s a stiff fiber traditionally used to make twine andmarine rope. 2.Sisal fiber can be easily recycled. It derives its name ‘sisal’ from the Yucatan part of Sisal on the Gulf of Mexico. increases the Young’s Modulus and tensile strength increases. » The use of sisal fibre as reinforcing agent in polymer based composites were reviewed from viewpoints of status and future expectations of natural fibres in general, structure and properties … High-grade: used by blending itself with wool and acrylic for softer hand. At a constant fibre weight fraction (20%), a positive improvement in flexural, tensile, and compressive properties was registered as the fibre blend ratio varied between 0 and 75% with optimal values at a sisal/cattail ratio of 75/25. Baler, binder twine, sacks, paper filter and other industrial uses. It is usually obtained by machine decortications. Resistance Leaves are firm, fleshy, and form a rosette on a short trunk. Ladies hats, mats and rugs are made due to strength, lustre and good color. Sisal fibre reinforced epoxy composites have been prepared by hand lay-up technique followed by static compression, using various fibre weight fractions (15, 20, 25 and 30%). Sisal pulp and paper – As sisal biomass contains a high proportion of cellulose its pulp is a substitute for wood fibres and adds bulk to paper and cardboard as well as being absorbent and having high fold endurance characteristics making it a high quality input for paper products. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Mechanical properties, thermal properties, water absorption properties and dynamic mechanical analysis of sisal composites are investigated. Sisal fibre reinforced epoxy composites have been prepared by hand lay-up technique followed by static compression, using various fibre weight fractions (15, 20, 25 and 30%). Higher quality’s sisal fiber are used to make carpet, mattresses, rugs, and wall covering. It is traditionally used in the manufacture of such items as matting, rough handbags, ropes, cordage, dartboards especially marine rope (where good resistance to sea water is needed), and carpeting. plants can be also used as an effective hedge to protect crops and land from material of High-quality sofa, Wadding mat Pulp Constructing materials. Sisal fiber tensile strength cut at the base, carried to the factory, rolled and the water squeezed out, and Leaves are harvested when the plants are 2.5 to 4 years old and at intervals until the plant eventually dies. Sisal is fairly coarse and inflexible so the sisal fiber can be long or short. cloth Polishing , buff Carpet Pulp ,Constructing materials and doormats. Their cell walls are reinforced with spirally oriented cellulose in a hemicellulose and lignin matrix. Sisal is a leaf fiber like PALF that comes from the sisal plant, its scientific name is Agavesisalana. It’s a cactus Agavaceae. Short sisal fiber used to make High-quality sofa, Wadding mat and others Pulp Constructing materials. Md. Used to reduce the equipment of abrasion and subsequent reduction of retooling costs. Thailand, others East Africa and other southern American countries. The sisal plant can be cultivated in most soil types except clay and low tolerance to very moist saline soil conditions. Textile Education is the largest textile blog over the net. But the extraction of sisal fiber uses a fewpercentages of the plant. Sisal fibers are smooth, straight, coarse and inflexible. The abundant availability of natural fibre in India such as Jute, Coir, Sisal, Pineapple, Ramie, Bamboo, Banana, Bagasse etc. What is Sisal Fiber? The term may refer either to the plant or the fiber, One of the most valuable of all cordage fibers. Sisal is a areas. Resistance of parallel fibre reinforcement with uniaxial fibres aligned in the direction of the stress field, and chopped fibres randomly reinforced in the matrix. Here are some of the properties of sisal fiber: 1.Sisal fiber is extraordinarily persistent because it costs low maintenance. properties and dynamic mechanical analysis of sisal composites are investigated. in Textile Engineering http://www.worldjute.com/about_jute/sisal.html, Application of Textiles in Building and Construction, Flow Chart of Stitching Section in Terry Towel Manufacturing, Different Types of Feed Mechanism in Sewing Machine, Stitch Formation Techniques of Various Sewing Machines, Types of Garment Pressing Equipment and Methods, Project Management in Textile and Apparel Industry, Derivatives of Single Jersey and Double Jersey Weft Knitted Structures with Cam and Needle Arrangement, Sewing Defects Causes and Remedies in Apparel Industry, List of Textile Colleges and Universities in Bangladesh, Warping Process in Weaving: Objectives, Types, Operation and Problems, Different Types of Lingerie with Pictures, Sisal Fiber: Properties, Production Process and Uses, Ceramic Fiber: Properties, Production and Applications, Fabric Spreading and Its Requirements for Garment Making, Garments Dyeing: Process, Machines, Advantages and Disadvantages, Properties, Processing and Uses of Kenaf Fiber, Garments Fabric Cutting: Definition, Requirements and Methods. The spiral angle around the fiber axis is 20–25°. Get all latest content delivered straight to your inbox. Author of this Article: The strands The fiber is actually a bundle of hollow sub-fibers. Sisal is a leaf fiber like PALF that comes from the sisal plant, its scientific name is Agavesisalana. The components of Therefore, starch-sisal fibre composite materials have attracted considerable attention because they are renewable, abundant and biodegradable [,, ]. the other mushy tissues scraped away from the fibers. And in 1948 first sisal fiber exports from Brazil were made. Also used asbinders’ twine, bale binding twine, and different agro-textile materials. • straight and yellow in color. Sisal is a leaf fiber like PALF that comes from the sisal plant, its scientific name is Agavesisalana. Dart board, buffing cloth, handicrafts, Filter manufacturing, Geotextiles. Sisal fibre reinforcement was shown to improve some of the mechanical properties examined. After washing, the fibers are dried and bleached in sun or oven dried. It is indigenous to central America. sisal fiber (% by weight): Sodium hydroxide does not affect but Sisal fibre reinforced epoxy composites have been prepared by hand lay-up technique followed by static compression, using various fibre weight fractions (15, 20, 25 and 30%). Sisal fiber is abundant, low cost, degradable and good strength fiber. Used as packaging, tying and gardening materials. Sisal (/ ˈ s aɪ s əl /, Spanish: ), with the botanical name Agave sisalana, is a species of flowering plant native to southern Mexico but widely cultivated and naturalized in many other countries. It’s a cactus Agavaceae (Agave) family’s a stiff fiber traditionally used to make twine andmarine rope. 4.Sisal fiber is … Ultimate Diameter of Jute: 0.015 to 0.002 mm. So, sisal fiber has an importance in some cases. What is Sisal Fiber? Sisal fibres extracted from the leaves of Agava sisalana plants 3, 5, 7 and 9 years old were tested at different temperatures for tensile strength, elongation, toughness and modulus. friction resisting, acid resisting and alkali resisting, it is an excellent Fresh leaves gives attention on the development of natural fibre compo- ... T able 4 shows mechanical properties of bagasse fibers, by which we use fibers as reinforcement for a good mechanical properties of composite materials. short sisal fiber, with its features of softness, high-flexibility, high The main findings of the work as follows: (i) Sisal fibres significantly improved the insulation properties of epoxy composites since the natural fibres have the void generated inside the composites which acted as good insulator. Uses of Sisal Fiber: Sisal fiber is used for making rope, twine and high qualified brash. When it has flowered, the plant produces tiny buds, which develop into small plants; these fall to the ground and take root, then the parent plant dies. • It can be used alone or blended with wool or acrylic. The term sisal may refer either to the plant's common name or the fibre, depending on the context. Adult plants send up a lot of leaves almost from ground level. Kenya and Madagascar. use because of its strength, durability, ability to stretch, affinity for Sisal is a leaf fiber like PALF that comes from the sisal plant, its scientific name is Agavesisalana. A good plant may yield 400 leaves during its life time and leaf may contain 1000 fibers. to sulphuric acid: If sisal fibers are immersed in sulphuric acid, it will The influence of the processing method and the effect of fiber content, fiber length, and orientation on tensile properties of the composites have been evaluated. Sisal Fiber: Properties, Production Process and Uses - Textile Blog What is Sisal Fiber? It is uses as the alternatives of the tail of horse. 2, increasing weight fraction of jute fiber resulted in negative effect on tensile properties of hybrid composites. The purpose of Mohr-Coulomb strength theory is suitable for evaluating the mechanical properties of sisal fiber-reinforced soil when the sisal fiber length does not exceed 10 mm. The Sisal is used and graded by It is too stiff and can be used in power transmission, in which it has to run through pulleys or over wheels. Textile Engineering College, Noakhali. They can be dyed directly. Mechanical properties, thermal properties, water absorption properties and dynamic mechanical analysis of sisal … and percentage elongation decrease with increase in test length and Young’s The leaves are Jute Fiber Length: 150 to 300 CM (5 to 12 Feet). Sisal plant grows well in a hot climate and arid regions all year round. leaves of plant. So, cultivation of sisal fiber can be a solution of poverty problem in poor countries. Relatively simple cultivation as it is resilient to disease and easy-care requirement is low compared to other crops. without tip are decorticated then washed (with water), binding is carried out Natural fibres have gained recognition as reinforcements in fibre polymer-matrix composites because of their mechanical properties and environmental friendliness. Sisal is fairly coarse and inflexible so the sisal the length of the fiber used for the tensile test. Using the pin on disc wear testing machine the wear characteristics of sisal fibre composite of different content were studied and alignment of fibres in polymer composite were known by scanning electron microscopy. Moisture regain is 11 % at 65 % relative humidity (RH) and 32 % at 100 % RH. In general, sisal fibers are used in diverse forms such as unidirectional, randomly oriented short fibers, weave (plain, twill, and mat forms), and different orientation (0-, 90-, and 45-degree plies, etc.) Medium-grade: used in making of binder twine, ropes, bales, 3. the leaf, to avoid any injury from the hard sharp tip. The fibers are then washed and hung out in the sun. Sisal fibers are smooth, straight and yellow in color. tones, Brazil being the largest producer followed by China, Mexico, Tanzania, Mechanical properties, thermal properties, water absorption properties and dynamic mechanical analysis of sisal … B.Sc. Now Brazil and China are the main producing countries of Sisal. Juice, fragments of leaves, and particles of crushed parenchymatous tissue, are used as fertilizer and animal feed. It yields a stiff fibre used in making rope and various other products. In addition to producing fiber, the species Agave Sisalana has been used in the Caribbean region as a medicinal plant for wounds, including those of leprosy, for the treatment of syphilis and as purifying plant. Sisal fiber is fully biodegradable, green composites were fabricated with soy protein resin modified with gelatin. Properties of Sisal Fiber The length of sisal fiber is between 1.0 and 1.5 m and the diameter is about 100-300 mm. Used in car doors, panels, package holders, ceilings, wheel wells, consoles, skid plates and the like to reduce fuel consumption. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Sisal fiber has a real density of 1.45 g/cm 3 and an apparent density of 1.20 g/cm 3, and its porosity is 17 %. Resistance to water: Shows good water resistance. • Nearly 4.5 million tons of sisal fibers are produced every year throughout the world. diameter and are lustrous in appearance. hemi-cellulose, pectin and water soluble substances. permits it can harvested three times in two years. The tensile strength, modulus and toughness values of sisal fibre decreased with increase in temperature. steel wire rope, Yarn and twine, Sisal Sisal fibers are smooth, Sisalana is the commercially grown species. sisal fiber to seawater is higher than that to fresh water. Medicinal properties of sisal: remedies with sisal. Low-grade: cellulose and hemicellulose portion are mainly used in: 2. The Flexural strength and the Tensile strength were seen to … The leaves almost from ground level. It is decomposes in the salt water. years. Modulus and average modulus increase with test length. • It has short renewal times and grows wild in the hedges of fields and railway tracks. it dissolves and removes some of the non-cellulosic materials such as It is highly renewable resource of energy. Strength of Jute: 3.5 to 5 G/Den. properties on treatment methods becomes complicated. Its productive life can reach up to 12 years and produces 180-240 leaves (depends on location). Other sisal materials include Rope Sisal core for Dobby Shedding Mechanism | Classification | Types | Working. Mechanical and physical properties of sisal and hybrid sisal fiber-reinforced polymer compositesBy J. Naveen, M. Jawaid, P. Amuthakkannan, M. Chandrasekar, Natural Dyes and Pigments: Extraction and Applications by Rym Mansour, https://www.textilesphere.com/2020/03/sisal-fiber-properties-applications.html, https://www.textileadvisor.com/2020/03/sisal-fibre-cultivation-and-uses.html, https://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/2394/sisal-fibre-an-overview. or weak links are irregularly spaced in the fiber; the strength will depend on and then produce a flower stalk 4 to 6 meters tall and die. What is Sisal Fiber? are usually creamy white, average from 80-120 cm in length and 0.2 - 0.4 mm in 3.Sisal fiber is extracted from the outer skin of the leaf by removing the inner pulp of the leaf. The results show that the addition of sisal fibres in epoxy matrix up to 30 wt. Sisal Fiber || Properties || Applications. As can be seen Fig. Major factors that affect the physical and mechanical properties of sisal fiber-reinforced polymer composites are the fiber length, fiber wt%, volume fraction (V f)%, and fiber orientation. The The outer mature leaves are cut away and treated in machine which scrap the pulpy material from the fibers. Mahedi Hasan Sisal Fiber: Properties, Production Process and Uses - Textile Blog. Sisal is valued for cordage Sisal Fibre is one of the natural fibre, which is chemically treated and the mechanical properties or other strength are know. Then its spread to the African countries, notably in Tanzania and Kenya, and Asia. In near future, ceramic fibers andsisal could be combined to produce hybrid composites.That will take full advantage of the best properties of constituents. Which are applied in various industries are as follow: 1. The color of the fiber is yellowish. It is used by mixing with hemp fiber. Sisal is valued for cordage use because of its strength, durability, ability to stretch, affinity for certain dyestuffs, and resistance to deterioration in saltwater. It describes textiles in comprehensive. predators, and the extensive root system helps to reduce soil erosion in arid Exceptionally durable with low maintenance, Can be dyed easily and dyed color range is quite large, Fibers have high strength, lustre and good color, Fibers tend to be stiff and rather inflexible, After careful processing, sisal is of creamy white color, Strands are strong and consist of many individual fibers held together by natural gum, Untreated sisal exhibits higher tensile modulus and hardness than the unloaded resin, Tensile strength is maximum at the middle of yarn while moderate at the tip, Young’s modulus increases with fiber length. Sisal fibers could be used to be a good example of hybrid composites. In the late 1930’s, first commercial sisal plantings were made in Brazil. Jute Fiber has some standard physical properties. Properties of Sisal Fiber: Sisal fiber is a straight fiber. These are – Ultimate Jute Length: 1.5 to 4 mm. A.V. Sisal cultivation was spread to Florida, Caribbean islands and Brazil in the 19th century. It is an ultimate reference for textile students and professionals. Sisal Fibre. It is indigenous to central America. Sisal is a leaf fiber like PALF that comes from the sisal plant, its scientific name is Agavesisalana. fiber can be long or short. Jute Color: Jute fiber can be White, Yellow, Brown or Grey. However, starch and plant fibre are hydrophilic and exhibit poor mechanical and thermal properties, limiting their application [ 7, 8 ]. More than 400% insulation rate was achieved when untreated fibres were used. Now-a-days, widely used in marine ropes and hawsers particularly in under developed areas. Sisal, a plant for fiber production II. sufficiently in poorly drained soil. Cause, it has reinforcement by two or more fibers in a single matrix leads to a great diversity of material properties. 1 Sisal fiber of diameter 21.5 × 10 −3 cm shows elastic strain of 8.7 %. Sisal could be harvested from one-two years after planting. the industries in three grades. xerophytic plant and thus it can grow in dry climates but it will not grow Sisal is generally harvested once a year but if the soil and the climate These fibers are more compressible in the transverse direction than in … The early processing is to extract the fibers are smooth, straight and yellow in color 4 years old at... Cellulose and hemicellulose portion are mainly used in making of binder twine, and Asia and treated in machine scrap! Plant may yield 400 leaves during its life time and leaf may contain 1000 fibers next. Member of the early processing is to extract the fibers are then washed and hung out the! Year round and arid regions all year round diversity of material properties textile Blog leaves are cut away treated. Strength fiber material from the Yucatan part of sisal fibre reinforcement with uniaxial fibres aligned in the 19th.. Tons of sisal fiber: 1.Sisal fiber is abundant, low cost degradable! Pulleys or over wheels content delivered sisal fibre properties to your inbox early processing is to extract the fibers the! Are hydrophilic and exhibit poor mechanical and thermal properties 7, 8.. In fibre polymer-matrix composites because of their mechanical and thermal properties, Production Process and -... And thus it can harvested three times in two years and biodegradable [,, ] countries... Is fully biodegradable, green composites were characterized for their mechanical and thermal properties in! As it is an ultimate reference sisal fibre properties textile students and professionals easy-care is... Some attempts have to take to improve some of the plant the plants for. And lignin matrix leaves are cut away and treated in machine which scrap the pulpy material from the Yucatan of! Materials have attracted considerable attention because they are renewable, abundant and biodegradable [,, ] fiber in... Blog What is sisal fiber used to reduce the equipment of abrasion and subsequent reduction of retooling costs, ]. World Production is about 100-300 mm seeds out a flower stalk 4 to 6 meters tall and.... The fibre, which provide attractive shades of good light fastness their cell walls are reinforced with spirally cellulose. Fertilizer and animal feed 7, 8 ] to sulphuric acid, it will not sufficiently. Power transmission, in which it has reinforcement by two or more fibers in hemicellulose! Was achieved when untreated fibres were used used and graded by the industries in grades. Or the sisal fibre properties, depending on the Gulf of Mexico dobby Shedding Mechanism | |! Ladies hats, mats and rugs are made due to strength, lustre and good strength fiber standard physical.. Process and uses - textile Blog What is sisal fiber: sisal fiber has some standard properties! Environmental friendliness fully biodegradable, green composites were characterized for their mechanical and thermal.... Fibers from the fresh leaves sisal could be combined to produce hybrid composites.That will take full advantage the! Be combined to produce hybrid composites.That will take full advantage of the natural fibre depending... Are applied in various industries are as follow: 1 fibre reinforcement was shown to improve of... And acid dye stuffs, which provide attractive shades of good light fastness, composites. Relatively simple cultivation as it is resilient to disease and easy-care requirement is low compared other. To a great diversity of material properties, coarse and inflexible climates but it will decompose times and wild! In three grades or blended with wool and acrylic for softer hand industries in grades! Leads to a great diversity of material properties is about 100-300 mm during its life time and leaf contain! Good strength fiber the context content delivered straight to your inbox fewpercentages of stress. Lustre and good strength fiber moist saline soil conditions sisal represents 2 % of the best properties sisal. Testing increases the Young ’ s a stiff fiber traditionally used to make twine andmarine.! Meters tall and die sisal, a plant for fiber Production Jute fiber Length: 1.5 to years... Plant fibre are hydrophilic and exhibit poor mechanical and thermal properties, thermal properties, water absorption properties and mechanical... Properties, Production Process and uses - textile Blog over the net under... Best properties of hybrid composites in most soil Types except clay and low tolerance to very moist soil! Cut away and treated in machine which scrap the pulpy material from the Yucatan part of sisal composites are.... American countries graded by the industries in three grades 6-7 years of growth, the sisal,... 20 Feet long mattresses, rugs, and wall covering polyethylene ( LDPE ) resin with. Broadly categorized under three grades % insulation rate was achieved when untreated fibres were used, Kenya and Madagascar as... Reach up to 12 Feet ) best properties of sisal on the context untreated fibres were.! Tissue, are used to reduce the equipment of abrasion and subsequent sisal fibre properties of costs... Plants are 2.5 to 4 mm China, Mexico, Tanzania, Kenya and.! Two years ( Agave‐Veracruz ) have been used as fertilizer and animal feed walls are reinforced spirally!, coarse and inflexible so the sisal plant, its scientific name is Agavesisalana times two... Medium-Grade: used by blending itself with wool and acrylic for softer.! Of diameter 21.5 × 10 −3 cm shows elastic strain of 8.7 % in various industries are follow... Up a lot of leaves, and different agro-textile materials, sacks, Filter! Decreased with increase in temperature or acrylic in this browser for the next time I comment Nearly million. Cultivation of sisal humidity ( RH ) and 32 % at 65 % humidity... Extracted from the fresh leaves removing sisal fibre properties inner pulp of the most valuable of all fibers! Uniaxial fibres aligned in the matrix xerophytic plant and thus it can harvested three times in two.... In epoxy matrix up to 12 Feet ) in poor countries to sulphuric acid: if sisal fibers are washed. Fibers could be used to make twine andmarine rope sacks, paper Filter and industrial... Make paper in paper industry: if sisal fibers are smooth, straight yellow. Exhibit poor mechanical and thermal properties, Production Process and uses - textile Blog over the net years... As reinforcements in fibre polymer-matrix composites because of their mechanical properties examined fiber are used to make carpet mattresses... Hybrid composites elastic strain of 8.7 % plant and thus it can long...: 0.015 to 0.002 mm, Wadding mat and others pulp Constructing materials negative effect on tensile of. And uses - textile Blog What is sisal fiber is between 1.0 1.5. By blending itself with wool and acrylic for softer hand are mainly used sisal fibre properties making,! Will not grow sufficiently in poorly drained soil flower stalk that rises to 20 Feet long board buffing. Thermal properties be harvested from one-two years after planting Classification | Types | Working term may... As the alternatives of the mechanical properties examined Nearly 4.5 million tons of sisal on the sisal fibre properties acid! Cultivated in most soil Types except clay and low tolerance to very moist saline soil conditions 4.5 tons. Growth, the fibers are immersed in sulphuric acid, it will decompose standard physical properties sun oven... Plant seeds out a flower stalk 4 to 6 meters tall and die color... Comes from the fibers from the fresh leaves fiber the Length of composites... Climates but it will decompose uniaxial fibres aligned in the direction of the natural fibre, which provide attractive of. Length of sisal fiber uses a fewpercentages of the natural fibre, is. Generally harvested once a year but if the soil and the climate permits it can be cultivated in soil. Decreased with increase in temperature the African countries, notably in Tanzania and Kenya, and chopped fibres randomly in... Recognition as reinforcements in low‐density polyethylene ( LDPE ) of plant fibers leaves from. At 100 % RH, email, and form a rosette on a short trunk used alone or blended wool... Industrial uses % at 100 % RH Jute fiber has some standard physical properties and various other products Feet.. Grow for 7 to 12 Feet ) common name or the fibre, depending on the Gulf of.... Scientific name is Agavesisalana, reactive and acid dye stuffs, which is chemically treated and climate! Outer skin of the leaf by removing the inner pulp of the leaf by the... A solution of poverty problem in poor countries now Brazil and China are the main producing countries of fibre. Made in Brazil grow for 7 to 12 Feet ) the mechanical properties other... Sisal may refer either to the plant eventually dies a hot climate and regions. Old and at intervals until the plant are harvested when the plants grow for 7 to years... Email, and wall covering and treated in machine which scrap the pulpy material the... Fibres in epoxy matrix up to 30 wt now Brazil and China are the main producing countries of fibre. Achieved when untreated fibres were used buffing cloth, handicrafts, Filter manufacturing, Geotextiles which provide attractive of... Comes from the Yucatan part of sisal on the context thermal properties, Production Process and -... Renewable, abundant and biodegradable [,, ], ceramic fibers could. A straight fiber soy protein resin modified with gelatin testing increases the Young ’ s cactus! Oriented cellulose in a hemicellulose and lignin matrix tons of sisal fiber uses a of! Are mainly used in power transmission, in which sisal fibre properties has short times! Make twine andmarine rope | Classification | Types | Working | Types | Working Agave‐Veracruz! Is extracted from the Yucatan part of sisal take to improve economic viability which are focussed on the! Nearly 4.5 million tons of sisal fiber are used to make carpet, mattresses, rugs, wall. Ropes and hawsers particularly in under developed areas follow: 1 green composites were fabricated with soy protein,. Then washed and hung out in the hedges of fields and railway tracks 7, 8 ] its life.

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