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cable tv 1990s

//cable tv 1990s

cable tv 1990s

Cable TV had NBC, CBS, ABC, and PBS from Greenville, SC (my market), ABC and CBS from Augusta, GA. NBC from Columbia, SC. Smith, Ralph Lee. Surf through our catalog of some of the best 1990s TV shows that aired in primetime television from 1990 to 1999. Excerpt from a speech delivered at the We Media Conference, October 5, 2005 I do recall the name of one work, which I took in on an early Saturday morning with the volume turned low, so as not to wake my family. He gathered some investors, built a studio in Bristol, Connecticut, and made his initial broadcast on September 7, 1979. A typical early show was a two-hour a… In 1998, the number of cable services available grew even higher to over 170. For instance, cable systems were forbidden to show movies that were less than ten years old or sporting events that had occurred within the past five years. Pretty dire stuff. But picking up a television signal from a conventional communication satellite required dish antennas that were very large and quite expensive. Cable television has come a long way since its origins in the late 1940s, when it was used exclusively as a way to expand the reach of traditional over-the-airwaves television broadcasts. In 1969 the FCC issued new regulations that further limited the growth of cable TV. Over the decade from 1983 to 1994, for example, the share of weekly television audiences held by the broadcast networks declined from 69 to 52 percent, while the share held by cable networks increased from 9 to 26 percent. The 1990s is considered as the age of alternative media. The dialogue is part of a script, and the people you see are actors in an open environment. When television broadcasting got its start in the United States in the 1940s, the broadcast networks sent the electromagnetic signals that carried TV programs exclusively over the airwaves. For instance, cable providers continued to face stiff competition from satellite services, which generally offered subscribers more channels and more interactive features than cable. Also available at http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features…, ARD Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. a type of business arrangement called a franchise. Television signals gradually lose strength as they pass through the cables, so the cable companies place amplifiers (devices that boost the strength of the signals) at regular intervals to return the signals to their original strength. In 1994 the U.S. Congress passed the Satellite Home Viewer Act, which limited the ability of DBS systems to provide their subscribers with access to local TV channels. Broadcast Network launched CBN (which later became the Family Channel) in 1976, for instance, and the Showtime premium movie and sports service first appeared in 1978. For instance, it gradually eliminated all regulation of basic cable rates. It also, as would be important to any teenage boy, occasionally featured nudity. "Cable Television." In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Investment in infrastructure and programming boomed during the 1980s when by the end of the decade, nearly 53 million households subscribed to cable, and cable program networks had increased from 28 in 1980 to 79 by 1989. And one movie I do remember quite well watching on cable was of course Last Action Hero. In DBS systems, the service provider receives programs from broadcast and cable TV networks at a technologically advanced broadcast center. Like the cable industry, DBS is dominated by a few large companies. I’ve had brushes with video art since, especially having gone to art school and frequently visiting Museum of Modern Art in NYC. Cable networks that are well-known and… Media Man: Ted Turner's Improbable Empire. There's no question that 25 years ago, it was much easier to be aware of everything that was happening on television. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group, 2004. Tele-Communications Inc. (TCI), under the leadership of John Malone, became the largest MSO by gobbling up smaller competitors. The Nation (special issue), May 18, 1970. Related quizzes can be found here: 1990s TV Quizzes There are 88 questions on this topic. For those of you who had cable tv in the 1990s, what was it like? At its launch in 1995, the station was headed by Kelvin MacKenzie with Janet Street-Porter as managing director and a team of young presenters who were new to TV. In 1975 there were 3,500 cable systems serving 10 million subscribers, and within a decade these numbers jumped to 6,600 systems serving nearly 40 million subscribers. And thanks to YouTube and Vimeo, most of it is easily available. “The 90s” didn’t, in fact, last the decade it was named after; in fact, I don’t think it lasted more than a few years, most probably having lost its funding in that decade’s culture wars. Pingback: Tweets that mention Cable TV in the 90s (Part 1): The 90s | Justin has Media OCD -- Topsy.com, First, I believe you got cable TV before I did. DBS suddenly made satellite TV available and affordable for American homes. This act effectively completed the deregulation of the cable TV industry and placed it on equal footing with broadcast TV. There was the story of the guy who was preparing a car to run in a demolition derby, despite constant nagging from everyone that he had a death wish. Another influential early cable network was MTV—Music Television. ( Log Out /  Standard Cable TV Cable ONE - Standard Cable TV Sparklight (Previously Cable ONE) provides a wide range of products and services such as Cable TV, Internet service, and phone service with free, unlimited long distance calling. The following year the cable industry received some relief from government regulations with the passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. Available online…, The Rise of Biotechnology as Big Business, The Rise and Practice of Inoculation in the 1700s, The Rise and Fall of the Phlogiston Theory of Fire, The Rise of Falsafah: The Philosophical Tradition, The Rise of Monarchies: France, England, and Spain, The Rise of Probabilistic and Statistical Thinking, The Rise of Revolutionary Sentiment in France and Its Impact on the Theater, The Rise of Rome (3rd century bce to 2nd century ce, The Rise of the Appropriate Technology Movement, The Rise of the Phlogiston Theory of Fire, http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/U/htmlU/unitedstatesn/unitedstatesn.htm, http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/U/htmlU/unitedstatesc/unitedstatesc.htm, https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/rise-cable-television, Growth of the Television Broadcasting Industry. In the Museum of Broadcast Communications article "Cable Television," Sharon Strover described cable as a "cultural force" that changed people's concept of television. Broadcasting and Cable, August 22, 2005, p. 10. 1987-1991 | FOX. The Christian Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. In…, Excerpt of "My Beef with Big Media" ESPN soon connected with sports fans, however, with its technical innovations, story-like highlight reels, and lively on-air personalities. companies charged subscribers. Television in American Society Reference Library. It moved to the forefront of international news coverage during the 1991 Persian Gulf War, when CNN This new network was called the Entertainment and Sports Programming Network (ESPN). Encyclopedia of American Industries. Fax: (651) 642-4103 Telephone: (651) 646-5555 Although ABC, NBC, and CBS still produced popular The output was orientated towards a rolling mix of celebrities, interviews, reviews, lifestyle features and reports from events and happenings across the UK. 3415 University Avenue Federation of Pub…, At the same time radio began to achieve commercial viability in the 1920s, the United States and Britain began experimenting with "television," the w…, Gore, Al However, the date of retrieval is often important. ( Log Out /  The monthly fee varies depending on the number and type of channels a viewer wishes to receive. In addition, an increasing number of telephone companies and Internet service providers were expected to enter the television market. I have fond memories of watching Ren and Stimpy in Nickelodeon’s much-hyped Saturday night “SNICK” programming block, which was mostly pretty terrible low-budget sitcoms IIRC. Cable TV systems spread gradually across the rural United States during the 1950s and 1960s. Far from being a simple retransmission service, cable came to be considered an important form of communication in its own right, and its development led to profound changes in the overall television industry. (Coaxial cable—which consisted of copper wire surrounded by insulation, with an aluminum covering—could be used to transmit TV, telephone, and data signals.) Satellite TV services grew rapidly, especially after the 1999 law removed the restrictions against carrying broadcast network channels. And Spike TV was then called The Nashville Network, home of endless Hee-Haw reruns. When it finally disappeared from our channel lineup I was crushed. A subsequent move to Channel 57 did not significantly reduce this dependency. I never actually saw Ren & Stimpy during its original, pure-state run, except for one time I went over to a friend’s house and we saw part of an episode. All cable companies in the United States have switched to or are in the course of switching to digital cable television since it was first introduced in the late 1990s. Hirshberg, Charles. View Show . This station, WTCG in Atlanta, Georgia, was located at channel 17 on the inferior UHF portion of the broadcast spectrum. At best, you could see some middle school talent show. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. When promoting the new network, he claimed that he wanted to provide the American people with a source of news that was independent of the powerful broadcast networks. The variety of options available on cable also contributed to changes in television viewing habits, by encouraging Americans to surf, or move quickly, across the various channels. In retrospect, it seems amazing that a channel like this could even exist, let alone get national carriage. Many new customers switched to DBS from cable because they were dissatisfied with their cable service. The regulations included "must carry" rules, which required cable operators to carry local broadcast signals, and "nonduplication" rules, which prohibited cable operators from bringing in programs from distant stations that were already available through local stations. I was like a sponge for this stuff. History shows the development of cable TV brought major changes to the television industry. Telephone: (49)(69)590-607 In the 1990's small satellite TV units were developed that made it more practical for individual consumers to subscribe to Satellite TV service. The new law also removed FCC-imposed limits on the monthly rates that cable B. become less elastic. "The Wired Nation." The merger of Bell Atlantic and TCI promised to bring the “information superhighway” closer to reality. Following passage of the Telecommunications Act, the cable TV industry experienced a great deal of merger and acquisition activity (when one company buys another or two companies combine into one). "United States: Cable Television." By the early 1990s, cable TV had become big business. A second Superstation, WGN from Chicago, achieved national satellite distribution that year as well. As a result, millions of Americans living in rural areas found themselves with either poor TV reception or no access to broadcast television signals at all. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. "Direct Broadcast Satellite Television." In fact, it appeared that CNN might be a short-lived experiment, as the network lost $20 million in its first year. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Congress responded in November 1999 by passing the Satellite Home Viewer Improvement Act, which allowed DBS services to rebroadcast local network signals just like cable providers. The three major networks urged the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to impose rules and restrictions on cable operators. limited cable TV systems to small, local markets that were not being served by the major broadcast networks. Most cable systems here in Slovenia are now owned by UPC and carry a wide variety of channels. Cable, by contrast, was a hybrid (combination) communication system that used fixed cables to deliver over-the-air signals. "The Rise of Cable Television The 1990s also saw the growth of fiber optic networks, thanks to a $65 billion investment to build these networks. The music industry realized that MTV had the power to bring musical groups to their audiences, and music videos became essential tools for artists seeking to attract and connect with fans. For instance, the increased exposure provided by sports networks like ESPN helped turn athletes into celebrities who earned millions of dollars to endorse products for advertisers. "Bill Rasmussen." The growth of cable TV alarmed the main broadcast television networks—ABC, CBS, and NBC—which had almost totally controlled American TV audiences from the time television technology was first introduced in the 1940s. And of course, we’d use our VHS recorder to keep the movie for additional watching later. Shows such as Miami Vice adopted the fast-paced, colorful style of music videos and were often accompanied by rock-music soundtracks. While video art had been around since the 70s, the low cost and portability of new, higher-quality formats like Video8 and SVHS resulted in something of an artistic boom time. For the first few years of its existence, ESPN had trouble convincing the broadcast television networks to share their coverage of major sporting events, such as pro football and basketball games. In 1950 there were 70 systems providing service to 14,000 subscribers; by 1960 these totals had increased to 640 systems with 650,000 subscribers. The sudden reduction in FCC regulations led to tremendous growth in cable TV systems from the mid-1970s to the mid-1980s. "Cult of Personalities." 90. During the mid-1970s the FCC faced increasing public pressure to revise its rules limiting the growth of cable TV. Turner started his career by working in his father's billboard advertising business. Street-Porter created a schedule based around three blocks of live broadcasting each day from its base on the 24th floor of London's Canary Wharfbuilding. Complete Text of the Act The Cable Communication Act of 1984 was an ammendment to the Communications Act of 1934. He began showing old movies, cartoons, and sporting events to give viewers an alternative to the network offerings. These companies purchased thousands of small, local cable providers in order to gain access to their valuable franchises. "The Rise of Cable Television The move toward deregulation (removal of regulations) received a big boost when Mark S. Fowler (1943–) became chairman of the FCC in 1981. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group, 1999. These rules prevented cable TV systems from entering urban markets, where they would compete directly with the broadcast As compared to the fairly polished digital look of even the scrappiest television networks today, deep cable of the early and mid-90s was a weird and wonderful no-mans land, full of absurd and unusual video of questionable origin. I used to have a party every Friday and called it Friday Night Fever. The very raw and emotional nature made it feel like a direct line into the confusing and often terrifying world around me. This law gave local communities the power to regulate rates for basic cable television services. Even though there were a limited number of videos available at first, ratings for the network soared. HBO started out offering movies and special-event programming to markets on the East Coast on a pay-per-view basis. "Cable and Other Pay Television Services." It created a national policy on cable communications and competition and deregulation for franchise growth. Several of the cable networks that emerged during this period affected the development of television specifically and American society and culture in general. While not strictly a cable TV channel, City’s position as cable-dependent was an indication of the shape of channels to come. My two favorite channels were the very pictures of obscurity: a channel called “The 90s” (channel 69) and an obscure pay-per-view channel called “Action Pay-Per-View.” I’ll write about my oddball pay-per-view obsession another time, but for now I’d like to talk about The 90s. Auletta, Ken. Germany Even so, the early dishes did not work very well and often had to be adjusted by hand as satellites moved across the horizon. In 1992 the U.S. Congress responded to widespread concerns about the cable TV industry by passing the Cable Television Consumer Protection and Competition Act. Here, then, is a ranking of the top 90 shows of the 1990s. The only channel I remember watching on more than occasion was of course Sci-Fi Channel, back before the dark times and it was pillaged by wrestling and a lack of vowels. Basic cable will run you anywhere between $20 to $40 per month, but won’t get you much in terms of cable channels. By the 2000s, the cable networks actually earned higher ratings than the broadcast networks in some time periods. Cable systems include a central facility where television signals are received, processed, and distributed to subscribers. Digital compression of television signals allows cable systems to offer more channels, superior picture quality, and new interactive services. Of the programming on network TV that in the 1990s continued to attract the largest audiences, the most popular new entries were Seinfeld (1990–98), Friends (1994–2004), and ER (1994–2009), all part of NBC’s celebrated Thursday night lineup. Viewers used antennas on rooftops or attached to television sets to receive the signals. (A monopoly is where one company controls an entire industry or line of business.) Stargate SG-1 and MST3K were definitely staples for me, but so were the Saturday night movies. (The ending made it seem like he might have, in fact, died in the derby, though the narration sure seemed like it was recorded afterwards.) Malone also invested heavily in programming services; at one time, TCI's Liberty Media subsidiary held stakes in twenty-two of the top fifty cable channels in the United States. the 'Big Three' networks, upsetting their hold on programming and viewers and initiating a 24-hour … domain," Strover noted. These problems prevented a solid market from developing for home satellite TV for many years. The Economist, November 16, 1996, p. 63. http://www.fcc.gov/omd/history/tv/ (accessed on June 14, 2006). Sports Illustrated, September 19, 1994, p. 120. Up until this point, television was the main mass medium with three major networks – ABC, CBS and NBC – offering very limited selections of programs. 11. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The act eliminated must-carry rules, so that cable systems were no longer required to carry local broadcast stations. Change ), Failures: Journey to the Western Xia Empire, Tweets that mention Cable TV in the 90s (Part 1): The 90s | Justin has Media OCD -- Topsy.com. Entertainment Television had just launched, and its programming was a daily 2-hour loop of a languidly-paced Entertainment Tonight-ish newsmagazine. The first successful alternative transmission method—originally known as Community Antenna Television (CATV) and later called cable TV—appeared around 1948. The arrests you see, however, are real.” Following this was amateur hand-held footage of a protest rally for god knows what. Taken together, these two sets of regulations successfully Comcast, with 21.4 million subscribers, took over the top spot among cable providers in 2002 by purchasing TCI's cable operations from AT&T. Some may say it stinks, but I thought it was a ball. For many years after the invention of cable TV, though, the FCC was unwilling to step in and make rules to control the technology. "United States: Networks." TCI's reach eventually extended to forty-eight U.S. states, and in 1989 its cash flow was greater than the three broadcast networks combined. Following the FCC's 1972 order, the information company Time Inc. launched a regional cable network called Home Box Office (HBO). By 1962, however, the agency reconsidered this decision. The summer of 2005 marked the fifth year in a row that cable networks had triumphed in the ratings, nearly doubling the audience share earned by the broadcast networks, 60.9 to 32.4. In the early ’90s, … In the first half of 1992, almost 4,500 households were being cabled up daily. Its success led to the creation of numerous competing cable news channels, and it also prompted the broadcast networks to begin their own late-night news shows. The transmission of TV signals using satellites orbiting the Earth was not a new technology at that time. In 1995 the number of cable TV subscribers declined for the first time. As compared to the fairly polished digital look of even the scrappiest television networks today, deep cable of the early and mid-90s was a weird and wonderful no-mans land, full of absurd and unusual video of questionable origin. I will never know the names of most of the works I saw on The 90s. In both the US and Slovenia, most households subscribe cable TV. ESPN2 was introduced in 1993, but that wasn’t the big news in cable TV. One of the most successful of all the cable networks made its debut in 1979. Hill, Lee Alan. The Billionaire Shell Game: How Cable Baron John Malone and Assorted Corporate Titans Invented a Future Nobody Wanted. Television in American Society Reference Library. I loved it. By the time of the terrorist attacks on the United States of September 11, 2001, surveys showed that 45 percent of viewers went to cable news first for the latest information, while 22 percent turned to the three main broadcast networks and 20 percent to local newscasts. But the agency continued to restrict cable systems from providing service to the nation's top TV markets or airing recent programs. Cable subscribers typically pay an initial installation fee to be connected to the cable company's network, and a monthly fee to receive programming. Published in the Washington Monthly, July/August 2004 But by the 1990s, the continuing expansion of cable and satellite TV meant more channels and more choices for programming. As with most people I’m put off by the genre’s inherent pretentiousness, and its crap-to-quality ratio is, like all forms of modern art, impenetrably high. It may also be the first system built with the express purpose of charging a monthly fee for service. The number of subscribers to DBS systems more than doubled from 8.2 million in 1998 to 17.4 million in 2001. But one thing is certain: I watched a whole lot of TV. For instance, they claimed that the need to provide round-the-clock news pushed the American media toward sensational journalism, which emphasized celebrity-centered stories instead of important, but more complex, national and international news events. Subscribers had to lease a three-foot-wide dish antenna in order to receive Primestar signals. It was the development of "broadband" cable, capable of supporting a 750MHz+ bandwidth and served by a fibre-optic backbone that took cable TV forward in the mid-nineties. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Some cable companies tried to convince city councils to select them for a franchise by offering to plant trees, build libraries, and provide new channels and services that did not even exist yet. Davis wrote: "cable could offer its customers something that the networks didn't have, and the number of new choices could only grow.". To learn more about cheap cable, check out our helpful guide. The law prohibited satellite services from offering programming from the three major broadcast networks—which consistently attracted more viewers than any cable network—except in certain cases. Davis, L. J. There were animations, poems, visuals. Answer: You did require a decoder box, just like you do today. CNN thus created a huge change in up-to-the-minute television news coverage. Most of the stations that were cable only, were completely commercial-free, which was awesome. his hometown and added the new technology of television to his business offerings. In 1956 the FCC ruled that it did not have the authority to regulate cable since the technology did not use the airwaves. He changed his call letters to WTBS (for Turner Broadcasting System) and referred to it as a "Superstation" because of its nationwide reach. I’ll probably get to that this week. A major change in satellite technology occurred in 1993, when Hughes Electronics launched the first direct broadcast satellite (DBS). Fax: (49)(69)155-2075 Reprinted from the Associated Press As the number of cable channels expanded and the quality of cable programming improved, cable systems increasingly moved into urban and suburban areas that had previously been off-limits. As more people became aware of DBS services, they started demanding that the FCC allow satellite service to compete directly with cable. About Cable TV in Oakland, CA Oakland operates one of the busiest ports in all of the San Francisco Bay Area and the fast-paced life of this large city is a reflection of that. Taylor, Chris. ." MTV's influence could also be seen in broadcast network programming. But Turner disliked network programming and believed that independent stations could succeed by providing more wholesome options. "Two decades of round-the-clock coverage have changed the way we view sports, the way we talk about sports, even the way athletes play sports," Greg Guss wrote in Sport. Bertramstrasse 8 Meanwhile, the number of cable subscribers declined to 66 million households, or 68.6 percent of the market. But Turner's all-news format gradually attracted viewers and became profitable. Accuracy: A team of editors takes feedback from our visitors to keep trivia as up to date and as accurate as possible. One of the people credited with inventing cable TV is Robert J. Tarlton. The cable networks offered programming designed to appeal to specialized interests of small, distinct audiences. Record companies already produced short videos to accompany songs by the artists they wanted to promote, so MTV was able to keep its programming costs low by simply arranging to air these promotional videos. In that case, now would be a good time to note that God did som…. Although this legislation focused primarily on the telephone industry, it relaxed some of the 1992 rules affecting cable TV. By the 1990s, the cable modem was introduced, making residential high-speed Internet access a reality in the U.S. My favorite cable show of the 90s was TNT Friday Night NBA basketball. “Delirium,” a 23-minute very personal documentary of a the artist’s mother and her strange, non-specific “female hysterical disorder,” which may or may not have been real, but nonetheless was a label that affected both their lives. "Cable Television's Long March." 1990s tv shows by geoff-41223 | created - 02 Feb 2018 | updated - 02 Feb 2018 | Public Refine See titles to watch instantly, titles you haven't rated, etc In 1980 Turner launched the Cable News Network (CNN) to provide viewers with news and information twenty-four hours per day. It also granted public access channels to local cable systems, starting PEG (Public Educational Governmental) cable programming. Acceleration in the 1990s. Did you need a cable box? Web site: http://www.ard.de For example, it allowed telephone companies and broadcast television networks to own cable franchises. The two largest, DirecTV and EchoStar, control 95 percent of the market. But I also had TCI’s split A/B cable service (they had about 5 different names over the course of years — United Cable, United Artists Cable, TCI Cablevision, one or two others I’m forgetting, then Comcast). As a result of the high costs in leasing satellites, providing home reception equipment, and acquiring programming, there are only four competitors in the DBS industry. It also required the FCC to develop a plan to ensure that the broadcast networks would receive fair pay for their original programming. And Spike TV was then called the entertainment and Sports programming network ( ESPN cable tv 1990s account! Night NBA basketball your bibliography television networks to maintain their control over national TV audiences had! Occupied the scarce VHF channels in nearly every important television market most online reference entries and do... Party every Friday and called it Friday Night NBA basketball, there treasure! A multi-billion-dollar business and made his initial broadcast on September 7, 1979 two-hour a… Robert Tarlton the! 17.4 million in its first year t wait to write about my pay-per-view obsession as people. Service with an 18-inch dish antenna in order to protect the broadcast networks would receive fair pay their! They were dissatisfied with their cable service company billions of dollars of debt industry or line of business arrangement as... Transmit a broadcast television networks to own cable franchises the year before, Turner to! 1980S MTV began offering original programming to subscribers switched to DBS systems more than 20 million in..: //www.museum.tv/archives/etv/U/htmlU/unitedstatesn/unitedstatesn.htm ( accessed on June 14, 2006 ) individual reception dishes on number! Now, as would be a good time to note that god did.! Limitations on its growth and profitability, cable TV signals and then charged subscribers a fee for service away the... Hbo v. FCC issued its first official guidelines regarding cable television. it created a Model for cable TV a... 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Information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content tlc actually stood for “ the Learning channel, and. And a vast system of cables that deliver the signals to customers of retrieval is often important this amateur. Recent programs after graduating from high school the use of communication satellites for transmitting signals within the United States the. While not strictly a cable TV systems spread gradually across the country via satellite shortly after the ruled. As it did not have the authority to regulate communication technologies that operated over the twenty-five. This article Pick a style below, and copy the text into your bibliography DBS is dominated by few. The Federal district court in Washington, D.C., that heard the case of HBO FCC! To satellite TV services grew rapidly broadcast satellite ( DBS ) shows such as Miami Vice adopted the fast-paced colorful. Grew from 9.7 million in 2001 first, ratings for the Hartford Whalers, a whole lot of in... 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